Food and Fibres

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SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Selected indicators:

2.3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers

2.4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species … and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed

Further information including global trends, targets and indicators is available from the Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform:

See OWC SDG 2 RESOURCE PAGE for local and global perspectives on food production and security.
SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Selected Indicators

12.2. By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

12.3.B y 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

12.5. By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.8. By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

See OWC SDG 12 RESOURCE PAGE for local and global perspectives on sustainable consumption and production.


2009 was the year of Natural Fibres. The website for The International Year of Natural Fibres contains a wide array of information and multi-media exploring natural fibres around the world.

“Natural fibres: Ancient fabrics, high-tech geotextiles”

This page profiles of 15 of the world’s major plant and animal fibres – many of them fundamental to human society since the dawn of civilization”

Download FACTSHEETS on a range of natural fibres here:


“Why fibres of the future?

Stringent environmental legislation and consumer awareness are driving the transition to a bio-based economy and models of sustainable development which offer high perspectives for natural fibre markets. Moving to a bio-based economy requires substitution of many common raw materials that are currently largely produced from fossil (petrochemical) or mineral resources, with products produced from renewable (plant and animal based) resources.

Substitute to synthetics
Natural fibres are increasingly being recognized as a favorable substitute to synthetics which use unsustainable inputs. Aside from technical and cost advantages, such products have the added attraction of meeting growing consumer awareness with respect to environmental, sustainability and social standards contributing to:

• Encouraging the growth of sustainable agriculture
• Uptake of environmentally friendly production and processing technologies
• Fostering economic development
• Strengthening the participation of smallholders in the value chain

The hard fibres: Acaba, Coir and Sisal, and bast fibres: Jute and Kenaf, are all natural fibres which have various and multiple end uses. Their versatility and environmentally friendly characteristics are strong advantages over synthetic alternatives. Each of the fibres has their particular strengths but all have the benefit of being naturally derived and increasingly recognised as a sustainable choice.”



A resource exploring cotton production and the textile industry in India for learners aged 7–11

Lessons include an exploration of the journey of cotton from the field to the shops; a quiz about India; and a class survey about the origins of learners’ own clothes. They all explore the concept of Fair Trade.

There is a supporting information sheet on cotton, trade and Fair Trade to provide background to your teaching.


Follow the journey of a banana

Updated with new facts, photographs and stories, Go Bananas will help learners aged 7-11 to discover where their food comes from. Learners can gain a vivid insight into the banana supply chain and research the countries where bananas are grown. They will get to grips with Fairtrade and think critically about the enormous impact it can have on the lives of smallholder farmers. Could your learners make it as a banana farmer?


Questioning images to enhance visual literacy Use this colourful collection of images and accompanying activities to help learners aged 7-14 years to consider the importance of food and farming around the world, as well as the challenges some people face in getting enough food to eat.


Global food issues are complex. While supplies have surpassed population growth, 821 million people still go to bed hungry every night.
This resource will help learners aged 11-14 to understand how global supply chains currently work; where our food comes from, and some of the challenges facing the small-scale farmers who produce it. Learners can also explore how to advocate for a fairer and more sustainable global food system.


A simple introduction to global trade for Primary schools

These lesson plans help your class to understand the basic principles of global trade.

Starting with everyday items – things from the supermarket – the lessons explore where items actually come from and how they reach us. Drawing out links between raw materials and finished items, and helping learners to understand the supply chain, this resource also gets learners thinking about global trade rules and who benefits from them.


An interactive teaching and learning guide for secondary schools

What goes into the food we buy? How can we ensure the farmers, fishers and food processors who work to put food on our shelves are treated fairly? This interactive resource will help learners aged 11-18 to investigate the human suffering in global food supply chains, and use persuasive writing skills to encourage supermarkets to do better.

OXFAM Australia

“What She Makes” Campaign

“Oxfam’s What She Makes campaign demands big clothing brands pay the women who make our clothes a living wage. Together, with your voice demanding action, and Oxfam’s direct engagement with brands, we urge clothing companies to take the crucial next step in creating a fairer fashion industry.”

FAO – PAGES on Organic and Sustinable Food and Agriculture and Innovation.

FAQs – What is Organic Agriculture?

Sustainable Food and Agriculture Pages – includes ‘key facts’ and videos.

Food Innovation Stories – stories of innovative farming practices from around the world.

FAO – Facebook VIDEO – Our Future of Food depends on BIODIVERSITY – What is Biodiversity?










Our food choices affect the environment around us, but just how much? From Scandinavia to Somalia, we explore different diets around the world and take a closer look at how what we eat impacts the environment — and how the environment influences what we eat.

  • Date10.2018
  • Duration 29:59 mins.
  • Author null Jordan Wildon
  • Permalink
HUNGRY PLANET – “What the World Eats”

‘Hungry Planet’ can be borrowed from the OWC Library. This article links to a photo gallery of some of the images in the book.

SERRV – Artisans and Farmers – Fair Trade

“Serrv International is a nonprofit dedicated to fighting global poverty through fair and ethical trade.

Poverty remains a terrible reality for many of our world’s citizens. While it exists everywhere, it’s most severe in developing countries, where more than 700 million people—half of them children—live on less than $1.90 a day.

At Serrv, we work to fight poverty and improve lives through handwork. Behind every fair trade handcraft we sell, there’s a story of positive change. And after nearly 70 years, we’ve seen what trading fair can do. Marginalized artisans and farmers who are empowered by sustainable employment, fair wages and safe working conditions find security and dignity in their work. They create stronger and healthier communities. They send their children to school. They hand down traditions of cultural craft. Find out about handicrafts from different countries and different techniques from around the world on the SERV webpages.”

Artisans and Farmers around the World and Traditional Techniques















Explore the lives of individuals and families around the globe on ‘dollar street’.

Search for images and stories form all around the world to explore everyday human objects and activities like:

  • bedrooms
  • homes
  • food
  • clothing
  • agricultural land
  • vegetable gardens

ORGANISATION – The Global Alliance for the Future of Food

An alliance of mostly private foundations seeking to bring sustainable food systems into the centre of  political, economic, and social agenda. The alliance is guided by a set of shared principles of renewability, resilience, diversity, equity, healthfulness, and interconnectedness and work together and with others to leverage our resources around three key Impact Areas Agroecology, Health and Well-being, and True Cost Accounting. 

Website contains videos, news and blog focusing on agroecology and sustainable food systems:


VIDEO – ‘Future Farmers in Europe’

“Across Europe, young urban people without agricultural background decide to start a farm. Despite the many difficulties these new farmers face, their systems are innovative, viable and sustainable. They are a response to Europe’s emptying countrysides, and their numbers are growing.

Why and how do young, urban people make this radical choice? What difficulties did they encounter and what solutions did they find? This short video portrays 8 ‘future farmers’ from France, Ireland, Germany and the Netherlands.” From Cultivate

VIDEO – Let’s Talk About Rice

Information video from Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) and the UNEP.



Online block-chain enabled food tracking platform – OpenSC

“OpenSC uses cutting edge technology to track individual products from origin to consumer. The aim is to help businesses and consumers avoid illegal, environmentally damaging or unethical products, while improving supply chain accountability and transparency.”




Refresh.ED is a comprehensive online resource to help teachers introduce food and nutrition in classrooms from kindergarten to year 10. On this website you will find classroom teaching materials as well as professional learning materials to enhance teacher knowledge and confidence to teach nutrition. Teaching and learning materials are based on research into nutrition education.

Age-appropriate teaching units address content descriptions in different learning areas of the Australian Curriculum.  Food and drink sources, choice, experience and links to health are all covered by the units, which include integrated learning tasks, worksheets, black-line masters and links to songs, stories, current affairs and online video clips.”

PRIMEZONE Education Portal

From the Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia-PIEFA

Selected Resources from Primezone


Technologies – ACTDEK012 – YEAR 3-4


“This video is about forestry and the sustainable management of the industry.”

Technologies – ACTDEK021 – Video – YEAR K-10


English – Geography – ACHGK036, ACHGS040, ACHGS041, ACHGS042, ACHGS045, ACELY1714 – YEAR 6


Class Page with unit content for FOOD TECHOLOGY (y9) from Saint Philips Christian College


Agricultural Educators Association of Western Australia


Tuckerbush Shools Program

“Did you know that Australia is home to thousands of native edible plant species? Yet most of the food we grow in our backyards today originally came from overseas. Despite having sustained generations of Aboriginal Australians for centuries, our native bush foods have fallen by the wayside.

We started Tucker Bush with a dream of bringing this land’s unique flavours back into the mainstream, so future generations can remain connected to a rich and vibrant history. We want to see a cultural shift towards a sustainable ecosystem, a secure and diverse food supply, and happier, healthier humans.”

Perth City Farm

“Perth is a community of people living connected, sustainable lives. Perth City Farm is a non-profit community environmental centre that provides space and opportunities to build community connections, and educates and enables people to live sustainably. We focus on the relationships between people and the environment, society, and one another.”

Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development – Agriculture and Food

Education Pages

“DAFWA supports the growth of WA’s agrifood sector in four key areas: markets, productivity, profitability and people. Find out about career pathways and employment in the sector, access the latest teaching resources or learn more about scholarships and awards to assist you to reach your goals.

See Also

Forests Products Commission

“The Forest Products Commission (FPC) promotes the sustainable management and development of Western Australia’s forest and wood products industry using native forest, plantation and sandalwood products on land owned or leased by the State. We ensure the immediate and ongoing production of wood products today and into the future while also protecting other forest values such as biodiversity, clean air and water for generations to come.”


VIETNAM: “New Library in Hanoi aims to show young children the benefits of aquaponics” Inhabit, 14 January, 2019.

“While most libraries tend to be filled with nothing more than books, the new VAC library (an abbreviation of the Vietnamese words for Garden, Pond and Cage) in Hanoi is teeming with koi fish and greenery. Vietnamese firm Farming Architects has built the the new open-air library with an impressive aquaponic system to teach the kids about urban farming.” Contains great gallery of images.

Where does VANILLA come from? ABC Rural Facebook Videos. 22 January 2019.

“Vanilla farmers in Madagascar, where most of the world’s supply comes from, spend years cultivating the vine and bean for processing. The vanilla orchid blooms on just one day each year and must be pollinated by hand — a delicate process which has to be seen to be believed.”

The Battle for the Future of Farming: What you need to know The Conversation. 21 November 2018.

“It is widely agreed that today’s global agriculture system is a social and environmental failure. Business as usual is no longer an option: biodiversity loss and nitrogen pollution are exceeding planetary limits, and catastrophic risks of climate change demand immediate action.”

Growing Coffee Sowing Peace in Columbia – PHOTO ESSAY

 “The Future of Food: 2038– FAST COMPANY

“A science-fiction look at the next two decades of food developments, from robot farmers to 3D-printed meals to government monitoring of your daily calorie intake.” This article about what food will look like in 2038 could be used as a way of stimulating questions and critical discussion around the challenges we face in our food system, the types of changes we can make and the system wide impacts of innovations.

 “Dress the world in wood, UN says in its ‘Forests for Fashion’ initiative– UN News

“The fashion industry is valued upward of 2.5 trillion dollars, and employs some 75 million people globally – so it makes good sense to shift textile production from fossil fuel-based synthetic fibers to renewable, biodegradable textiles, made from wood, according to a new United Nations initiative that aims to make forests literally more fashionable.”